Menopause is a natural process that occurs in all women at a certain point in their lives. It is not a disease or a result of aging. Menopause is the time when ovaries stop producing estrogen and progesterone. It usually starts between 40 and 50 years of age. However, there are some women who begin menopause at 30 years old or younger, and there are others who do not start until after 55.
Menopause has natural physical and psychological effects that affect the life of every woman individually. It is the natural end of the reproductive period in women’s lives, although it can also be started with medical treatment because many women wish to avoid the symptoms of menopause.
Most women don’t know what menopause exactly is. For this reason, they don’t know the symptoms and the stages that lead to menopause and what it means for their health, sexuality, and self-esteem. This text teaches about the symptoms of menopause, the main stages of menopause, and how to manage your symptoms.
The Stages Of Menopause.
There are 3 stages of menopause
- Perimenopause– The first stage of menopause is called “perimenopause”. It begins around the age of 40 and lasts until the age of 50 or 55, depending on the woman. During this stage, the menstrual period is not regular, which means that the date of menstruation may vary from month to month. At this point, the body goes through changes that mean it is approaching menopause. The menstrual cycles will become shorter and shorter until there are no longer periods. These symptoms are normal, but they can be very uncomfortable for many women.
- Menopause– This period lasts between six months and three years. During this time, the ovaries stop producing oestrogen and progesterone. This period is usually when menopause starts. The length of menopause varies from woman to woman, and depends on the age at which women reach it.
- Postmenopause– This is the period when the ovaries have stopped producing estrogen and progesterone. The symptoms of this stage are similar to the symptoms of menopause. However, at this stage, a woman can develop a physical and psychological problem related to diminished ovarian function.The reason why the body doesn’t produce oestrogen or progesterone anymore after menopause is not clear. It’s not only because the ovaries stop functioning, but also because of all the hormonal effects that are observed in this stage.
The Symptoms Of Menopause
During menopause the body estrogen drops, when the estrogen level drops, the vagina walls grow thinner, which results in a decrease in fluids producing cells, thereby making the vagina dry.
Reduced Libido or Sex Drive
Drop-in estrogen levels can result in reduced blood flow to the vagina, which can cause the tissues of the vagina and labia to become thinner. When this happens, they become less sensitive to sexual stimulation. Low estrogen levels result in a decrease in blood flow to the genitals, which affects vaginal lubrication and overall arousal. As a result, a woman may not enjoy sex as much and may have difficulty achieving orgasm. Sex may be uncomfortable or even painful. During this period, you should consume hormone-boosting foods to improve your symptoms.
During menopause, ovulation becomes unpredictable, the menstrual cycle may be longer or shorter, your flow may be lighter or sometimes heavy, and you will begin to skip some periods. If the change in your circle is increased to seven or more days, you may be in early perimenopause, if the length of your period increases to space of 60 days or more between periods, you’re likely in late perimenopause. Treatment for irregular periods during menopause is not usually necessary. The factor that causes an irregular period during menopause is a drop in estrogen produced in the body.
A hot flash is the sudden feeling of warmth in the upper body, most intense over the face, neck, and chest. Hot flashes are mostly caused by changes in hormone levels before, during, and after menopause. A decrease in estrogen levels causes your body’s hypothalamus to become more sensitive to slight changes in body temperature. You are advised to stop smoking, watch your body weight.
The menopausal decline of estrogen contributes to disrupted sleep, it has been proposed that menopausal sleep disturbance may be the underlying cause of anxiety and depression. The decline of progesterone during menopause could be a cause of sleep disturbance, progesterone has a sleep-inducing effect by acting on brain pathways. Melatonin is a vital sleep hormone, Secretion of melatonin is partly influenced by estrogen and progesterone and levels decrease during perimenopause, often compounding the problem.
It’s believed that estrogen may help the neurotransmitter systems that send signals in brain areas involved in memory and information processing. Estrogen promotes the growth and survival of neurons, the cells that send electrical impulses. These impulses serve as messages that are crucial for making your brain and nervous system work properly. Studies on the effect of estrogen on memory support the idea that estrogen depletion during perimenopause causes memory loss, and that memory improves after menopause.
Due to the fall in estrogen, ovulation begins to cease, the chances of fertility in women start to narrow.
During menopause, the body experiences a lot of changes, which some women find difficult to accept, this could lead to depression. Sometimes, hormonal imbalances may trigger depression.
Thinning is as result of ovarian hormonal fluctuations, Which causes the hair follicles to shrink and slows the growth of hair. The hair begin to shed at some point.
Cause Of Menopause
Towards the end of a woman’s reproductive years, the ovaries age and begins to produce fewer reproductive hormones. menopause is caused by the reduction and ceasing of the production of basic female hormones like:
- Follicle-stimulating hormones
- Luteinizing hormones.
What Are The Health Risks Associated With Menopause?
As menopause-induced hormonal changes cause changes in the body’s system responsible for the regulation of body temperature, there is an increase in body temperature. This increase in temperature can lead to other health problems associated with menopause:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Heart diseases
- Type 2 diabetes.
How Manage Your Symptoms.
Life goes on, and with that comes the need to adopt new habits. Your lifestyle and identity are now defined by menopause, so what you do during this time is vital, as it can affect your overall well-being.
If you’re experiencing uncomfortable symptoms associated with menopause, there are various ways to treat and manage them.
- Talk to your doctor, as they may be able to prescribe certain medications that can help reduce hot flash episodes.
- Avoid alcohol, as it can cause dehydration and dehydration causes the body temperature to rise. Alcohol also interferes with sleep patterns, which in turn increase insomnia issues.
- As the body undergoes changes due to menopause, a plethora of new activities become possible. Not only is it possible to resume a career or start a hobby at the age of 50, but it’s also important to incorporate more physical activity into your daily routine.
What Are The Safety Aspects.
- Before you begin any new exercise regimen or physical activity, it’s important to regularly consult a doctor. There is a possibility that your body will not be able to deal with certain activities, such as strength and resistance training, due to your specific medical background.
- Do not change your diet during menopause, as you may lose the benefits of certain foods.
- Avoid any drastic changes that could result in a nutritional deficiency.
- Care for your skin, and maintain a healthy lifestyle for the rest of your life. Your appearance can be defined by the skin around your eyes and lips, so do not neglect these areas. The same goes for the skin around your nose and chin.
- Go to your dermatologist often for touch-ups to maintain a good look.
- While there are various ways to manage menopause, you can do so by creating a plan and setting aside some time for activities that you truly enjoy.
- Adjust your lifestyle to fit the needs of your body, and make sure that you’re active and enjoying life. Menopause is a very powerful process that marks the end of monthly periods in women’s lives. Along with physical changes, menopause can have both positive as well as negative ramifications for your health.
- By simply being attentive to your body, you can ensure that your transition through the menopause process will be safe and easy.