What To Know About Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).


Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder of the reproductive system affecting about one in ten women of childbearing age. It is characterized by anovulation – the absence of ovulation – and chronic anovulatory cysts on the surface of the ovaries that may be accompanied by unwanted facial and body hair, acne, and weight gain. It is the most common endocrine disorder of women and has a significant impact on reproductive and metabolic function.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a health condition that causes hormonal disorder, which results in the growth of numerous cysts in the ovary. It is common among women of reproductive age. 70 percent of ovulatory issues are related to PCOS.

Women diagnosed with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome PCOS produce an abnormal amount of masculine hormones androgen, which makes them unable to menstruate regularly and grow masculine hair.

Medical Scientists have not been able to point out the cause of this condition, but it may involve environmental and genetic factors.

Women diagnosed with PCOS are at risk of other health conditions like type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, insulin resistance, high cholesterol, heart disease, and blood vessels problems. Early treatment and weight loss would reduce the risk of these complications.

Birth control pills and diabetes drugs can be used to control symptoms and improve the hormone.

Causes Of Polycystic Syndrome (PCOS).

Medical Scientists have not been able to point out the cause of this condition. They believe that high levels of male hormones prevent the ovaries from producing hormones and making eggs normally.

Insulin resistance is linked to Polycystic Syndrome. A person is Insulin resistant when her cells can’t use insulin properly.

If the body cells can’t use insulin properly, the body increases the demand for insulin. The pancreas makes more insulin to compensate. A high level of insulin triggers the ovaries to produce more male hormones.

Polycystic Syndrome (PCOS) is sometimes hereditary. The study proves that it runs in family.

Symptoms Of Polycystic Syndrome.

  • Cysts in the ovaries.
  • High levels of male hormones.
  • Irregular or skipped periods.
  • Heavy period.
  • Growth of masculine hair(Hirsutism)
  • Baldness.
  • Obesity.
  • Headaches.
  • Darkening of the skin.
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Insulin resistance.
  • Acne.
  • Decreased Libido.

Underlying Health Conditions For PCOS

This refers to the health condition you are susceptible to if you have PCOS.

  • Infertility.
  • High cholesterol.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Type 2 diabetes.
  • Liver disease.
  • Endometrial cancer.
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding.
  • Sleep apnea.
  • Elevated lipids.
  • Metabolic syndrome.

Treatment For Polycystic Syndrome (PCOS).

There is no cure for PCOS, but treatments can be used to manage the symptoms. Treatments are taken based on the individual goal (fertility, regulate period so on) for the treatment. This could help:

  • Birth control pills: It helps regulate hormones and menstruation.
  • Fertility medications: If pregnancy is the goal, the use of clomiphene (Clomid), a combination of clomiphene and metformin, or injectable gonadotropins, such as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) medications. In certain situations, letrozole (Femara) may be recommended.
  • Diabetes medications: will be effective for managing diabetes.
  • Excessive hair growth can be reduced with spironolactone (Aldactone) or eflornithine (Vaniqa). Finasteride (Propecia) may also be recommended, but it should not be used by women who may become pregnant. Waxing and Laser treatment works too.
  • Hysterectomy: This is the removal of all or part of the uterus.
  • Ovarian drilling: If tiny holes are drilled in the ovaries, there will be a fall in the levels of androgens being produced.
  • Cyst aspiration:This is the removal of fluid from the cyst.
  • Oophorectomy: Surgical removal of one or both ovaries.

Foods To Cutdown On Of You Are Diagnosed With PCOS.

  • Margarine.
  • Pizza.
  • Pork.
  • Cheese.
  • Red meat.
  • Hot Dogs.
  • French fries.
  • Energy Drinks.
  • Biscuit.
  • High carb foods.
  • Chicken skin.
  • Microwavables.

How PCOS Is Diagnosed

No single test can determine the presence of PCOS, but a doctor can diagnose the condition through medical history, a physical exam that includes a pelvic exam, blood tests, and ultrasound.

  •  Pelvic examination:  The doctor gets to look for any problems with your ovaries or other parts of your reproductive tract. During this test, your doctor inserts gloved fingers into your vagina and checks for any growths in your ovaries or uterus.
  • Blood tests:  The doctor check for higher than normal levels of male hormones, cholesterol, insulin, and triglyceride levels to evaluate your risk for related conditions like heart disease and diabetes.
  • Ultrasounds: sound waves are used to look for abnormal follicles and other problems with your ovaries and uterus.

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