The Stages Of A Typical Menstrual Cycle.

What Is A Menstrual Cycle?

A menstrual cycle is a woman’s monthly reproduction cycle, it is the stages of changes that occur in a woman’s body monthly, that is responsible for possible conception. A menstrual cycle begins from the first day of menstrual bleeding and ends the day before the next bleeding.

The menstrual cycle is an intricate series of changes in the levels of hormones in a woman’s body, and how they are released throughout her monthly cycle. Female humans go through cyclical fluctuations in hormones that drive changes in the uterus. These changes include alterations to the endometrium (lining) and cervix. The stages of this process can be divided into four separate phases: follicular, ovulation, luteal, and menstruation. The ovulation phase is the last part before impending menstruation. As soon as this happens, a hormone called estrogen that has not been present at significant levels until now begins to rise dramatically.

Stages Of A Menstrual Cycle.

A menstrual cycle comprises four stages, which include:

  1. Menstrual Phases: It is the last part of a woman’s menstrual cycle, following ovulation. At this point, the level of estrogen that was present during previous preovulatory fills in again causing menstruation to occur. This is the phase where the Lining of the Uterus shreds through the vagina (Menstrual Period). During the phase leading up to the Menstrual Phase, there is a drop in estrogen and progesterone, this causes the thickened lining of the uterus that was created in the Luteal phase for the implantation of fertilized eggs to start shredding through the vagina. This is when you have your menstrual period. During this period, you release a combination of blood, mucus, and tissues from your uterus through your vagina. The level of estrogen in a woman’s body fluctuates throughout her cycle, moving from low to high and back again. Related to this, the level of progesterone present in the body also fluctuates throughout the cycle. Hormonal levels tend to be highest during this phase of the cycle, but they can vary greatly depending on several factors.

Can You Get Pregnant During Your Menstrual Period?

Yes, it is possible to get pregnant during your period.

  1. Follicular phase: it is also known as the Proliferation phase or Preovulatory phase. It begins on the first day of your mensuration and ends with your ovulation. In this phase, a primary follicle in the ovary grows into a Graafian follicle. A follicle is a sac in the ovary that contains eggs and fluids that stimulates hormones. The hypothalamus prompts the pituitary glands to release hormones that will stimulate the ovary to produce follicles. The ovary produces 5- 23 follicles, but only the healthiest amongst them grow into a Graafian follicle, Others are reabsorbed into the body.

Can You Get Pregnant During The Follicular Phase?

Yes, in this phase your ovulation is at the corner. Pregnancy is possible during the Follicular Phase. If you have unprotected sex, it is very like that you will get pregnant. This is because the follicle is about to rupture, this is because sperm cells have a life span of 3-5days, and the sperm has the potential to survive up until ovulation.

  1. Ovulation phase: This phase occurs at mid-cycle. Here, an egg is released from the surface of the ovary to the fallopian tube for possible fertilization, the egg lasts for about 24 hours, and afterward, it dies. The rise in estrogen in the Follicular Phase causes the pituitary gland to release luteinizing hormones that begin the Ovulatory Phase. The Ovulatory Phase is about 14-17 days before the period. This is the only phase where pregnancy can occur. One can get pregnant if they have unprotected sex in about five days leading up to the ovulatory phase since sperm has the ability to for five days.

Can You Get Pregnant During Your Ovulation?

It is only on your ovulation day you can get pregnant, days leading up to your ovulation is a fertilization window. If you are planning to get pregnant, This is the right time to try.

  1. Luteal phase: This is the phase after ovulation. The corpus luteum is formed from a follicle that was previously maturing on the ovary. This is the last phase of the menstrual cycle. During this period the corpus luteum is formed to enable the secretion of progesterone and some estrogen, which prepares the walls of the uterus for the implantation of a fertilized egg. In the absence of fertilized egg luteolysis takes place, and the lining of the uterus starts to break and shred, that’s when your period begins.

The Luteal Phase lasts for 11 to 17days. It may be either short or long. Sometimes you can have a long luteal phase due to hormonal imbalance or pregnancy.

The luteal phase is short when it lasts for less than 10 days. If you have a short Luteal Phase, conceiving would be difficult for you. This is because a short Luteal Phase does not give the uterus enough time to thicken for implantation.

Pictorial Representation Of Phases Of Menstrual Cycle

As women, We move around this cycle from the day we see our period at puberty till Menopause. This is basically what makes you a woman.

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